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Trouble Sleeping/Insomnia

Trouble Sleeping/Insomnia

First ask yourself some questions…

  • Do you have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep?
  • How long does it take you to fall asleep?
  • How many times do you wake up at night?
  • Have you found that you are having trouble concentrating or feel irritated because of your fatigue level?
  • Do you have body aches, muscle tension, or “heavy” feelings in your limbs?
  • Do you feel rested after a night’s sleep?

 Definition: The term “Trouble sleeping or Insomnia” is used here to cover a wide range of issues around sleeping. There is a distinction between trouble sleeping and insomnia. Trouble sleeping can happen during times of stress or life disruption as your mind may be “busy” trying to digest the information of the day. An ongoing issue with sleep that is becoming disruptive to other parts of your life (i.e. work, relationships, etc.) is when insomnia may be the cause. With the disruptive nature of shift work, the mind and body may have trouble relaxing or your circadian rhythms may have become off balance.

This tab can be used to help you identify if you may have an issue that could be addressed.

 Signs (i.e. what may be observed by others) and Symptoms (i.e. what is reported by officer).

  • The inability to obtain or maintain sufficient sleep.
  • Body or leg discomfort during sleep, only relieved by frequent movement.
  • Issues with breathing which could include stopping involuntarily for brief periods of time during sleep.
  • Excessive sleepiness when you need to be awake.
  • Not feeling refreshed after sleep.
  • Lack of energy.
  • Irritability.
  • Tossing and turning.

Other Issues to Consider:

In a 2011 study published in JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association), out of 4,957 Police Officers in the U.S and Canada, 40% reported symptoms of a sleep disorder, including sleep apnea and insomnia. Sleep apnea was the most common and affected a third of the officers. Examples of other diagnoses included moderate or severe insomnia, as well as shift work disorder. Officers diagnosed with a sleep disorder were more likely to report depression, emotional exhaustion/burnout, and anxiety. 

 Healthy Sleep Practices:

 Although these may be hard to completely follow especially while working, they are worth consideration.

  • Try to go to bed and get up at the same time every day, whether you’re on shift or not.
  • Keep your bedroom quiet, comfortable, and dark.
  • Try to avoid caffeine at least 4-6 hours before bedtime.
  • Try to exercise regularly, but finish at least 4-6 hours before bedtime.
  • Try to avoid the use of nicotine close to bedtime or during the night.
  • Try not to nap during the day, but if you do take a single nap less than 60 minutes before 3pm.
  • Take a warm bath or shower 90 minutes before bed.
  • Try to not read, eat, or watch TV in bed for long periods of time. Use your bed only for sleep, sex, or when you are sick.
  • Try to not go to bed completely full. A light snack (turkey, avocado, eggs, and other “clean protein” sources) can promote sound sleep.
  • Do not use substances such as alcohol to help your sleep, as they will impact your circadian rhythms.
  • Try to relax your mind and body with light conversation, stretching, or massage before bed.
  • Avoid clock watching.
  • If you can’t sleep, try getting out of bed to stretch.
  • Consider chamomile tea (do not use if you have a ragweed allergy) or a melatonin supplement (two forms: immediate release for trouble falling asleep and extended release for trouble staying asleep).

 Self Help Goals:

 Thought Goal: I’m having trouble sleeping because I think (insert problematic thought here).

I can stop or lessen my issues with sleep by thinking:

  • how I can only solve so much in one day
  • how I matter and sleep is important for my health
  • I’m going to be ok, etc

Feeling Goal: I’m having trouble sleeping because I feel (insert problematic feeling here). 

I can stop or lessen my issues with sleep by feeling: 

  • That I am loved and important to my family, friends, etc. 
  • That I get to have time off and to myself where my body can be restored, etc.

Behavior Goal: I’m having trouble sleeping because my behavior (insert problematic behavior here). 

I can stop or lessen my issues with sleep by:

  • behaving in ways that make you feel more like you, such as exercising, eating better, taking care of myself, etc.
  • reaching out when you need someone to talk to
  • taking care of yourself through regular medical checkups, etc.

These goals are only examples; use them as a guide, not an absolute. You know if there is a problem, let now be the time to fix it.


Reaching out for help is never a sign of weakness, but rather one of strength. It may be intimidating, annoying, or frustrating to think about what to do and how to approach overcoming this, but it can be done. You do not have to do it alone. If you cannot reach or maintain all of these goals on your own, contact a peer supporter, medical provider and/or a psychology professional.


Rajaratnam SM, Barger LK, Lockley SW, Shea SA, Wang W, Landrigan CP, O’Brien CS, Qadri S, Sullivan JP, Cade BE, Epstein LJ, White DP, Czeisler CA; Harvard Work Hours, Health and Safety Group. Sleep disorders, health, and safety in police officers. JAMA. 2011 Dec 21;306(23):2567-78. doi: 10.1001/jama.2011.1851. PMID: 22187276.

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